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This thesis explores the role of southern women before, during, and after the Civil War in shaping the Lost Cause of the Confederacy. White women, as professional writers or amateur historians, actively supported the Lost Cause through their writings and their membership in organizations such as the United Daughters of the Confederacy. These women were drawn to the Lost Cause as a means of reasserting racial and gender norms of the prewar South, and were instrumental in forming the Lost Cause as the dominant memory of the Civil War. In contrast, black southern women also turned to writing as a form of witness and protest against the whitewashing of slavery and the Confederacy that were crucial to the Lost Cause.

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