Mark P. Kumler, Ph.D.
Steven M. Dague, M.S.
Doug Mende, M.B.A.
Robert B. Kelly
In the wake of increasing community violence, there arose a need to develop new technologies for effective emergency response techniques. “Because shopping centers remain attractive targets for terrorists, stakeholders are beginning to consider increased security measures” (RAND Corp., 2006). Recent advances in GIS allow emergency responders to quickly familiarize themselves with critical aspects of a building‟s infrastructure. Because a responder is able to navigate visually around the model of a building, it is possible to significantly reduce the time spent in reconnaissance. A prototype GIS was created for a local shopping mall. The responders identified key features of the building‟s infrastructure which were subsequently incorporated into a database. This data facilitated the creation of information layers symbolized graphically within the interface. A tool that would enable a SWAT team member in the field to navigate visually within the three-dimensional environment of a building interior is a powerful tool. The application of the GIS resulted in an effective decision support system, assisting SWAT team commanders to quickly explore the building and the surrounding vicinity and to develop tactical response options.
Baker, T. R. (2007). Tactical Entry and Emergency Response: GIS Goes into the Field (Master's thesis, University of Redlands). Retrieved from http://inspire.redlands.edu/gis_gradproj/6