Jess Chen, Johannes Moenius, and Serene Ong
According to an Oxford University study, more than 50 percent of all US jobs are susceptible to automation within the next two decades. Robots, which have previously been confined to the manufacturing sector, are now entering the service sector, where 90 percent of American employees work. Some service professions, such as tax preparers, freight agents, and cashiers, face close to certain risk of elimination. Others, such as physicians, social workers, and many education-related jobs, face almost no risk at all.
Job automation will hit certain metropolitan areas significantly harder than others. Low-wage cities like Las Vegas, Nevada; Orlando, Florida; and Riverside–San Bernardino, California currently have the highest shares of jobs that are susceptible to automation. This map illustrates the share of jobs automatable for all 421 metropolitan statistical areas (MSA). The bubble sizes are proportional to the number of workers employed in the MSA in December 2016. The bubble colors display the share of those jobs that can technically be “automated away” in the next twenty years. As the map shows, almost all large metropolitan areas can lose over 55 percent of their current jobs due to automation. The ones that fare better than others include high-tech centers like Silicon Valley, California, and Boston.
Joseph G. Grzywacz, Neena Gopalan, and Fiorella L. Carlos Chavez
The Cambridge Handbook of the Global Work-Family Interface is a response to growing interest in understanding how people manage their work and family lives across the globe. Given global and regional differences in cultural values, economies, and policies and practices, research on work-family management is not always easily transportable to different contexts. Researchers have begun to acknowledge this, conducting research in various national settings, but the literature lacks a comprehensive source that aims to synthesize the state of knowledge, theoretical progression, and identification of the most compelling future research ideas within field. The Cambridge Handbook of the Global Work-Family Interface aims to fill this gap by providing a single source where readers can find not only information about the general state of global work-family research, but also comprehensive reviews of region-specific research. It will be of value to researchers, graduate students, and practitioners of applied and organizational psychology, management, and family studies.
Anshu Kishore, Johannes Moenius, and Serene Ong
India is the world’s second-most populous country with more than a billion inhabitants. It is the seventh largest country in terms of area. The data provided by the Census of India in 2011 offers insight into how India is evolving from a developing to a developed country.
This economic atlas was a student project that provides an overview of the socioeconomic conditions in India at the district level. It is presented in a story map format, which allows scrolling through the content easily, while at the same time interacting with the maps. An exploration of the atlas reveals that the level of economic development, as characterized by the variables selected, varies widely.
Such variables as population growth, literacy rate, access to safe drinking water, banking, and homeownership jointly reveal both the degree of geographic inequality as well as some surprising aspects about the Indian economy. Ultimately, the atlas and its underlying data can be used to inform policy makers which regions need additional attention as well as show businesses where to locate if they are interested in entering the Indian market.
Courtesy of the University of Redlands.
James B. Pick and Avijit Sarkar
The Internet needs no introduction, and its significance today can hardly be exaggerated. Today, more people are more connected technologically to one another than at any other time in human existence. For a large share of the world’s people, the Internet, text messaging, and various other forms of digital social media such as Facebook have become thoroughly woven into the routines and rhythms of daily life. The Internet has transformed how we seek information, communicate, entertain ourselves, find partners, and, increasingly, it shapes our notions of identity and community.
The SAGE Encyclopedia of the Internet addresses the many related topics pertaining to cyberspace, email, the World Wide Web, and social media. Entries will range from popular topics such as Alibaba and YouTube to important current controversies such as Net neutrality and cyberterrorism. The goal of the encyclopedia is to provide the most comprehensive collection of authoritative entries on the Internet available, written in a style accessible to academic and non-academic audiences alike.
David Bevan and Angelo Carlo S Carrascoso
While there is a large and ever-expanding body of work on the fields of business ethics and corporate social responsibility (CSR), there is a noted absence of a single source on the methodology and research approaches to these fields. In this book, the first of its kind, leading scholars in the fields gather to analyse a range of philosophical and empirical approaches to research in business ethics and CSR. It covers such sections as historical approaches, normative and behavioural methodologies, quantitative, qualitative and experimental perspectives, grounded theory and case methodologies, and finally a section on the role of the researcher in research projects. This book is a valuable and essential read for all researchers in business ethics and CSR, not only for those starting out in the fields, but also for seasoned scholars and academics.
Maria Skaletsky, James B. Pick, Avijit Sarkar, and David Yates
The goal of this chapter is to introduce the concepts of the digital divide and to examine how they have changed, and continue to do so. We discuss opportunities for social and economic development that are possible as digital divides evolve from those of access, to use, to outcomes; and as access to personal computers, mobile devices, the internet, and other information and communication technologies (ICTs) is becoming more widespread. To illustrate the challenges to building an inclusive global information society, we compare digital development in Europe, Africa, Asia and other parts of the world. We also explore regional digital inequalities within the United States and Russia. Finally, we describe international aspirations to narrow or close existing digital divides as well as examples of emerging divides.
Denise M. MacNeil
Examination of the anonymous novel The Female American, or; The Adventures of Unca Eliza Winkfield (1767), analyzing the relation of this novel to British empire formation in the eighteenth-century trans-Atlantic world
Denise M. MacNeil
This study compares The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper with five of its filmed versions. These comparisons demonstrate and comment upon how American ideas about race and gender have been constructed and reconstructed since the nineteenth century. This historical and cultural analysis tracks the colonial and national treatment of Native Americans, the development of the Hollywood studio feature and how colonialism, masculinity and race are depicted and re-enacted in these six texts.