Can First Impressions Be Manipulated? The Relationship of Mood to Impression Formation

Publication Year



moods, impression formation, personality traits


Applied Behavior Analysis | Experimental Analysis of Behavior | Personality and Social Contexts | Social Psychology


Previous research has investigated the speed of forming first impressions and the accuracy of these impressions. This study investigated the role of a person's state-based mood on impression formation. Fifty eight undergraduate participants were shown either a 15-minute film clip of a comedy sketch or a 15-minute clip of a dramatic movie in order to manipulate participant state-based mood. Immediately following the film, the PANAS-X was administered to the participants that verified that state-based mood had been successfully manipulated into either a happy or sad mood. Participants were then shown 15 Caucasian, male faces and asked to judge them on attractiveness, likeability, trustworthiness, competence, and aggressiveness. Results showed that the participants in the sadness group rated the faces more harshly than the participants in the happiness group.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status


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