Publication Year

1993

Keywords

New Realist, China, individualism, relationship

Disciplines

Asian History | Chinese Studies | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Sociology

Abstract

Since the Cultural Revolution, 1966-1976, the foundation of Chinese culture has been unstable, struggling to recover from a decade of chaos. New Realist literature, initiated as a catharsis of the Cultural Revolution in 1978, became a criticism of the past, as well as the future. As a result, Deng Xiaoping surpressed New Realist literature in 1981 as Mao had surpressed the Hundred Flowers Movement in 1957. The New Realist literature that was allowed publication reveals that the Chinese people are unwilling to wholly accept neither imperialist values nor Communist Party ideals. The vital linking the individual and the state has become incongruous. A strong individual-state relationship, however, is necessary to any modern nation; it is an important factor that must be reconciled before a lasting government can be achieved. Today New Realist authors use past fears as previous scholars have done, in their containing search for morality and quest for the emergence of a defined Chinese individualism. These scholars, motivated by cultural nationalism, attempt to build a sincere humanism and morality among society, and compose a lasting, holistic order to rationally direct and individual and cultural future.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status

Asian Studies

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Article Location

 
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