Defeat in China: A Study of Internal Factors Causing the Defeat of Chiang Kai-shek and Nationalist China, 1944-1949

Publication Year



China, nationalism, communism, Chiang Kai-shek, history


Asian History | Chinese Studies | History


The cataclysmic devolution of power in China from the Nationalists to the Communists between 1946-1949 has been called the "Great American Defeat." The repercussions of China's civil war and the complete victory of the Chinese Communists are still being felt. Traces of humiliation are yet evident in the United States.

Precisely why the collapse of Nationalist China has been called an American defeat is fairly evident. With the entry of the United States into World War II, China, in her fight against the Japanese, received her war materiel and most of her military leadership from the United States. Indeed, some would contend that China's very livelihood during the war was due in large measure to America's aid and offensive against Japan. The Republic of China and the United States were close allies during the great war in the Pacific.

For what reasons, then, in view of her support of China, was America defeated? Why was the government that America had favored so violently overthrown? What was the cause of such utter rejection?

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status


This document is currently unavailable online.


Article Location