Publication Year



Prenatal Attachment, Maternal-fetal Attachment, Attachment to Parents, Pregnancy, Adult Attachment Style


Developmental Psychology | Psychology


Maternal factors, including attachment history, current attachments, level of education, religion, social support, age, marital status, and trimester were examined in relation to prenatal attachment scores. Data from 32 women at various points in their pregnancy was analyzed using three 2x2x2 ANOVAs and one 2x2x3 ANOV. Factors that appear to individually increase prenatal attachment include low parental overprotection, high social support, being non-religious, and low anxiety and dependence in terms of current attachments. Further, interactions of maternal variables produced several significant findings. These results suggest that future research in prenatal attachment should not be limited to correlations or main effects. Rather, studying maternal variables in combinations may provide more consistency and clarity in this important area of research.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status


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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License