Stress Management in the Workplace

Publication Year



Stress, psychology, stress management, workplace, productivity


Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment | Medicine and Health Sciences | Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences


This paper reviews current literature on the negative psychological , and physiological implications of stress. The focus is on what stress does to a person and to his or her body, and the implications for companies in health costs and lost productivity. Also addressed is what companies and employees see as stressors, and what companies are doing about this growing phenomenon. Presented are the approaches companies are currently using and an analysis through the literature of whether these have been found to be effective. Much of the information focuses on: 1) Counseling, with a focus on Employee Assistance Programs and counseling services both in and out of the company; 2) Recreation, with an emphasis on physical exercise; and 3) Education, centering on health, lifestyle issues, and techniques such as relaxation, meditation, and cognitive restructuring. Sexual harassment, a very serious and special cause of stress in the workplace is addressed as well as relevant prevention programs. A workshop designed and implemented for the staff at Patton State Hospital focusing on stress assessment, relaxation techniques, and follow-up evaluations is described. Techniques introduced to achieve relaxation were progressive muscle relaxation, imagery, and refocusing (exercise, reading, etc.). Follow-up evaluations were made immediately following for future work in the area of stress management are also discussed.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status


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