Title

Problem-Solving Appraisal of Depressed Individuals Seeking Mental Health Services

Publication Year

1995

Keywords

Depression, mental health, health services, problem-solving, psychiatry

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatry | Social and Behavioral Sciences

Abstract

This study assessed the problem-solving appraisal of depressed adults who presented themselves at a community based non-profit mental health clinic. It was predicted that subjects who preferred to receive counseling or both counseling and psychiatric services would appraise themselves as more effective problem solvers than would subjects who preferred to receive psychiatric services only. This prediction was based on the medical model of helping utilized by most community psychiatrists. Results suggested that problem-solving was appraised as less effective by the counseling and psychiatric group than the psychiatric group. Overall, the problem-solving appraisal scores (utilizing the Problem-Solving Inventory) were higher (indicating less effective problem-solving) in the depressed clinical population than the stated normative data provided for the "normal" population. The findings suggest that there is a need to utilize therapies which will assist depressed individuals in developing more effective problem-solving skills.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status

Psychology

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