The Outsider and Society: Henrik Ibsen--"A Revolution of the Spirit of Man"

Publication Year



Literature, plays, society, outsider, Ibsen, dramas


Comparative Literature | Dramatic Literature, Criticism and Theory | English Language and Literature | Playwriting | Theatre and Performance Studies


During the nineteenth century, there were four major literary movements in Scandinavia. The romanticism that became popular at the beginning of the century was a reaction against the rationalism of the late eighteenth century. But this romanticism gave way to realism in the works of such authors as Henrik Ibsen, Bjornstjerne Bjornson and, later, August Strindberg. Ibsen and Bjornson continued to write primarily within the confines of realism, but Strindberg joined the literary wave of naturalism which swept Scandinavia in the eighties. By the end of the century, lyric and psychological romanticism (along with symbolism and impressionism) had gained headway throughout Scandinavia. Realism, for the most part, had been shoved under the table, but Ibsen remained acknowledged as a pioneering father of realism and as one of the finest Scandinavian dramatists ever to have lived.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status

English: Literature and Writing

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