Publication Year



alcohol use, alcohol consumption, race, ethnicity, religion, socioeconomic status, demographics


Health Psychology | Multicultural Psychology | Other Social and Behavioral Sciences | Race and Ethnicity | Religion | Social Statistics


This literature review explores the relationship between alcohol use and different demographic variables, specifically race/ethnicity, religion, and socioeconomic status. The aims of the paper are: 1) define alcohol use and discuss the physical and mental health implications of alcohol use and 2) explore the associations of alcohol use with religiosity, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Thirty four articles that directly address the correlates of race/ethnicity, religion, SES, health, and alcohol consumption were reviewed after extensive literature search. Studies indicate that religious individuals consume less alcohol than non-religious individuals. European Americans and Native Americans have the highest rates of alcohol consumption. Socioeconomic status proves to be the most inconsistent of the demographic variables studied; results vary about the effects of socioeconomic status on alcohol use. Gaps in current literature, the need for consistency in vocabulary, and focus for future studies are discussed.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status

Sociology and Anthropology

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License