Publication Year

1973

Keywords

envy, emulation, the study of envy, Unamuno, Spanish, the blood of Cain

Disciplines

Comparative Literature | Creative Writing | Fiction | Spanish and Portuguese Language and Literature

Abstract

?Que es la envidia? La palabra deriva del latin "individa," que viene de "invidere," "mirar con malos ojos." Segun el Diccionario de la lengua espanola, la envidia es "tristeza o pesar del bien ajeno; emulacion, deseo honesto." La Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada la define como "tristeza del bien ajeno y pesar de la felicidad de otro; pasion del que se aflige de la prosperidad ajena;...emulacion, deseo honesto, ansia, anhelo justo." Parece pues, que la envidia tiene dos partes. En primer lugar, la envidia es tristeza--no la tristeza en general, sino la tristeza y el pesar que uno siente cuando otro tiene algun bien deseado, por ejemplo, la felicidad o la prosperidad. l envidioso no se regocija cuando su projimo prospera; por el contrario, entristece porque el mismo no disfruta ese bien. El otro aspecto de la envidia es la emulacion. Como la envidia, esta contiene el deseo de algun bien que otro posee; sin embargo, la emulacion tiene una connotacion un poco diferente. En la Enciclopdia leemos que la emulacion "no entrana la aversion y solo se apena por el bien de que carece." La emulacion connota que el envidioso no odia al poseedor del bien; es un sentimiento del individuo, causado por el bien poseido por otro pero no dirigido contra ese otro. La emulacion es un estimulo para superarse y alcanzar el bien deseado. La envidia pura no tiene este deseo de superarse. Se dirige mas contra el envidiado; se regocija mas en el mal que en el bien. El emulo no parece tener, por lo general, el deseo de hacer mal al emulado; por otra parte, el envidioso si parece tener este deseo hacia el envidiado.

What is envy? The word derives from the Latin "individa," which comes from "invidere," "to look with evil eyes." According to the Dictionary of the Spanish language , envy is "sadness or regret of the good of others, emulation, honest desire." The Illustrated Universal Encyclopedia defines it as "the sadness of the good of others and the happiness of others, the passion of those who are afflicted by the prosperity of others, ... emulation, honest desire, longing, just longing." It seems, then, that envy has two parts. In the first place, envy is sadness - not sadness in general, but the sadness and regret that one feels when another has some well-liked, for example, happiness or prosperity. he envious does not rejoice when his neighbor prospers; On the contrary, he is sad because he himself does not enjoy that good. The other aspect of envy is the emulation. Like envy, it contains the desire for some good that another possesses; however, the emulation has a slightly different connotation. In the Encyclopedia we read that the emulation "does not involve aversion and only grieves for the good of which it lacks." The emulation connotes that the envious does not hate the possessor of the good; it is a feeling of the individual, caused by the good possessed by another but not directed against that other. The emulation is a stimulus to overcome and achieve the desired good. Pure envy does not have this desire to overcome. It is directed more against the envied one; he rejoices more in evil than in good. The emulo does not seem to have, in general, the desire to do wrong to the emulate; On the other hand, the envious one seems to have this desire towards the envied one.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status

Spanish

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