Publication Year



Politics, United States, United Mine Workers, labor, unions, coal


Economics | Labor History | Political History | Political Science | United States History


With the arrival of the Industrial Revolution in the United States, American labor and society faced numerous new challenges. For the laborer, the Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century meant the advent of the factory system. Small shopowners and individual craftsmen soon were forced by economic pressure and competition to enter the factories. The industrial and technological advances required vast amounts of energy. As the new era of technology emerged, one commodity--coal--became an important source of energy, providing the power to run machinery and hasten the spread of technology throughout nineteenth century America.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status

Political Science