Publication Year

1987

Keywords

Psychology, mood, memory, encoding, memory performance

Disciplines

Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences

Abstract

Primarily two theories exist concerning the effects of mood on memory. Mood Dependent Retention states a congruency between encoding and recall mood allows for maximum recall performance. Mood Congruency states a congruency between encoding mood and affect of material allows for maximum recall performance. I became interested in the possibility of the factors from both theories interacting. I wondered in what way this interaction might effect memory. Could memory be superiorly enhanced if mood while encoding (experiencing/learning) was congruent with mood (affect) of material and additionally encoding mood was reinstated when recalling the material was necessary? In other words, do the effects of both theories interact and supplement each other? Is the whole greater than the sum of its parts? If true, the best memory performances will be obtained when all three factors are congruent: encoding mood, affect of learned material, and recall mood. If, on the other hand, congruency between encoding mood and affect of learned material produces the best memory performance then the Mood Congruency theory will be supported as the more influential of the two. But a superior performance caused by the congruency between encoding and recall mood will support Mood Dependent Retention as the theory with the greater influence.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status

Psychology

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