Publication Year



Helsinki Final Act, politics, international relations, human rights, Eastern Europe


Eastern European Studies | European History | Human Rights Law | International and Area Studies | Political History | Political Science


We the Peoples of the United Nations, determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small... (signed at San Francisco, June 26, 1945)

Exactly what are these "fundamental human rights" to which the Preamble tot eh United Nations Charter refers? Many international human rights documents have been written to define these rights, but very few have been effective in practice. One such document, however, the Helsinki Final Act, has managed to take the theoretical definition of human rights and give it practical guidelines, which are being currently followed by nations in Eastern Europe, Western Europe and North America.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status

Political Science