Publication Year



Total war, military history, Europe, modern warfare, World War II


European History | International and Area Studies | Military History


It can be safely assumed that very few understood the consequences of the changing nature of warfare in 1939. Individuals like Billy Mitchell, Guilio Douhet, and Sir Arthur Harris had believed that the aerial bombardment of the enemy's military, industry, and civilians would bring about rapid victory. Proponents of land warfare had found new offensive power with the development of the tank, and Colonel-General Heinz Guderian of the German army had developed armored tactics that would be labeled "lighting war." Still others, like Reinhard Heydrich, had hoped that the coming war would provide the aegis for the implementation of an ideological and racial policy that would clear and re-populate all of Eastern Europe. All of the ides these men represented would find an outlet for expression as warfare became the ferocious application of universalized, self-perpetuating violence.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status