Publication Year



Architecture, social philosophy, Bauhaus, Modernism, art history, tract housing


Architectural History and Criticism | Architecture | Art and Design | European History | History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology | Modern Art and Architecture


Near the end of the nineteenth century the many changes that the industrial revolution brought were quite obvious. The majority of the men and women of Europe and America were employed working intimately with the machine. These new machines had radically changed the working conditions for the division of labor.

The division of labor was now occupied in mass producing assembly line style goods. The effects of the industrial revolution were wide and many, affecting all people. Some actually found their livelihood being threatened by the existence of the machine. The birth of the machine also spelled the near death of the craftsman and the crafts which he produced.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status