Selected Social and Cultural Applications of Totalitarianism: Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia - 1933-1939

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history, totalitarianism, Nazi Germany, Soviet Union, international relations, religion


European History | International Relations | Political Science | Religion | Social History | Soviet and Post-Soviet Studies


Submergence of the totality of society to the political will is the major facet of totalitarianism. In this study it will be seen how the political machinery brings various sectors of life under its control and how it retains this internal control on a "permanent" basis. Not like autocratic dictators of the past who insisted only on political control, the totalitarian demands total and complete obedience from all elements of society. There are degrees of totalitarian control and what shall be attempted here is a glimpse of Nazi Germany and Stalinist Russia between 1933 and 1939 as examples of totalitarian control over various sectors of man's existence. They shall be used as models to see to what degrees modern states have developed total control by the political realm and particularly by the will and whim of the leader. The situation as it existed in the Soviet Union with relation to social and cultural affairs was described by Basil Dmytryshyn in his book USSR: A Concise History.

He [Stalin] aspired to exploit and control all the movements, thoughts, and ideas of every individual, in order to create a uniform, monolithic and obedient modern totalitarian society, ruled by an "infallible" supreme leader whose word would be the ultimate law of the land.

Department 1 Awarding Honors Status


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