Cognitive Match in Disadvantaged Children as Indexed by Pupillary Dilation

Publication Year



cognition, disadvantaged children, pupillary dilation, behavior, biology


Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Child Psychology | Cognition and Perception | Psychiatry and Psychology | Psychology


Riessman (1962, pg. 1) reported that in 1960 one out of every three students in the schools of our largest fourteen cities could be classified as disadvantaged. He has predicted that by 1970 this ratio may increase to one out of every two school children in such cities. The term "culturally disadvantaged" is used to refer to those living in depressed areas of cities (Foley, 1965, p. 2), to those coming from lower-class socially impoverished circumstances (Deutsch, M., 1963), to those possessing restricted "access to equal opportunity competition and to possible full self-realization commensurate with their abilities (Webster, 1966, p. ix)."

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