Publication Date


DOI (Digital Object Identifier)



Leadership and Higher Education


Doctor of Education (Ed.D)

Dissertation Chair

Philip S. Mirci, Ph.D.

Committee Members

Ron Morgan, Ed.D.

Ron Williams, Ed.D.


education; administrative perceptions of student bullying; bullying prevention strategies; definition of bullying; school climate; school safety; student bullying


Educational Leadership


All students possess the right to psychological and physical safety as they experience schooling. However, such safety is threatened by bullying which is marked by intense intimidation that creates a pattern of humiliation, abuse, and fear for the victim. These consequences profoundly affect the school climate by creating negative academic, physical, social, emotional, and psychological consequences for victims, bullies, and bystanders. This study examined the perceptions of secondary school site administrators regarding student bullying. Ten site administrators from a single large urban district in southern California were interviewed. Data collection was obtained using a semi-structured interview. The results indicated that the overlap between bullying and other forms of victimization led to misconceptions of what actually constitutes school bullying. School bullying was viewed to be motivated by different types of isms such as sexism, racism, ableism, and sizeism that negatively impacted school safety by creating disruptive environments on the bully, the victims of the bully, and the bystanders. In conclusion, the search of an inclusive definition of school bullying will provide administrators with the support they need to deal with issues regarding school bullying. However, school administrators need to embrace a differential approach in their choice of an appropriate approach to school safety. School administrators should embrace that expulsion and suspension should not be the only way to eliminate bullying. The imperative would be understanding and addressing bullying in ways that embrace the context of bullying in resolving conflicts and apportioning blames.


© 2014 Lawrence Azubike Okonkwo

All Rights Reserved

ISBN: 9780355891850