Publication Date


Committee Chair

Douglas M. Flewelling, Ph.D.

Committee Members

Nader Afzalan, Ph.D.


Many archaeologists use geographic information systems (GIS) to visualize existing excavation sites and predict new site locations. Maps depict much of this information, and though researchers conduct a significant amount of research on GIS in archaeology, few focus on the cartographic aspect of archaeological maps. Prior to GIS, archaeologists tediously hand-drew maps using various cartographic techniques, but many of the unique design elements found in archaeological maps have been lost in recent years. With a plethora of symbol choices contained in many GIS interfaces, it is difficult to remember that consistency and simplicity is vital for effective communication. This project improved archaeological efforts on the Hopi reservation in Arizona by establishing a standardized approach of representing spatial fieldwork data. The results included a geodatabase that standardized the projection system of the input data, a custom symbol set depicting archaeological features tested through an online survey, a map series using the custom symbology, and three-dimensional models of the major excavation sites.

Miller MIPposter.pdf (3555 kB)
A Cartographic Standard for Hopi Archaeological Sites (Poster)

Miller Defense Presentation.pptx (111338 kB)
A Cartographic Standard for Hopi Archaeological Sites (Presentation)


Article Location