Gerrymandering in Redlands, California

Mark P. Kumler, University of Redlands
Joseph Stoddard, SKA Designs
Melodi C. King, Smallmelo GIS


In April 2016, the City of Redlands, California, began the process of creating council electoral districts to comply with voting rights acts and avoid litigation. Several maps prepared by a consultant were being considered when, in May 2017, a group of graduate students from the University of Redlands produced this map. The Council agreed that this map was as good as or better than the consultant’s maps, but it was too late to consider a new map giving the legislative requirements. It will be considered after the 2018 elections.