Inner Work with the Animus Dreams and Active Imagination

Publication Date



Master of Arts (MA)

Committee or Advisor Chair

Frank R. Blume, Ph.D.

Committee Members

Douglas C. Bowman, Ph.D.

Cecil E. Burney [sic], Ph.D.


active imagination, animus dreams, dreams, psychotherapy, transpersonal psychology, analysis and interpretation


Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Transpersonal Psychology


The Freudian, Jung, Gestalt and Existential schools of psychotherapy find dream analysis very helpful. Freud called the interpretation of dreams, "The royal road to a knowledge of the unconscious activities of the mind" (Freud, 1953, p. 608). Freud's basic thesis express the dream as wish fulfillment. He distinguishes between manifest and latent dream content; the latter becomes conscious through free association and analytical interpretation. Jung hypothesized that the complex is the "royal road" to the unconscious and the architect of dreams and of symptoms" (Jung, Vol. 8, 1966, par. 210). From this point of view dream analysis aims to discover the complex and what the unconscious says about it. Perls considered that every aspect or part of the dream is the dreamer herself:

"...regard all persons in it and all the features of it as projections, that is as parts of your own personality. After all, you are the maker of the dream, and whatever you put into it must be what is in you. (Perls, 1951, p. 221)"

By reflecting on our dreams we realize that the images produced offer no explanation in our conscious mind. It appears as a work of riddle, wonder, and art.


Department: Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology

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