Factors That Limit Counselor Metacompetence and the Suggested Role of Supervisors
School of Education
In some countries, including South Korea and the U.S., counselors are not required to receive supervision once they have been credentialed. The expectation is that they will have developed sufficient levels of metacompetence (the ability to assess what one knows and does not know; Falender & Schafranske, 2007; 2014) that they can be trusted to self-monitor their professional practice. But there are factors that limit metacompetence, some of which are normative (e.g., the tendency to overestimate competence; automaticity) and some are nonnormative (e.g., life crises or personal difficulties that the counselor might experience). This paper briefly discusses those limitations and then suggests career-long supervision as a mechanism to address them.
Journal of Human Understanding and Counseling