Guidelines for Clinical Supervision in Health Service Psychology: Evidence and Implementation Strategies
Counseling and Human Services
With counseling psychology as perhaps a notable exception, health service psychology has been generally slow to recognize clinical supervision as a specific competence that requires formal preparation. Despite compelling evidence for substantial variability in the quality of supervision being provided our trainees and best practices, U.S. psychologists had no guidelines for offering competent supervision until 2014 when the American Psychological Association (APA) adopted “Guidelines for Clinical Supervision in Health Service Psychology” as policy. The guidelines are organized around seven domains with specific, evidence-supported competencies. But guidelines are useful to the extent that they are implemented. This article speaks to implementation of the guidelines and offers supervisors a guideline-based tool to self-assess their supervisory competence. The article’s intent is to enable supervisors to advance from self-assessment to reflection on their current level of competence in supervision to implementation of practices enhancing skills, knowledge, and attitudes.