Title of Chapter or Poem

Eutrophication

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Department/School

Environmental Studies

Abstract/Excerpt

Eutrophication is a syndrome of [../152248/index.html ecosystem]] responses to human activities that fertilize water bodies with nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), often leading to changes in animal and plant populations and degradation of water and habitat quality. Nitrogen and phosphorus are essential components of structural proteins, enzymes, cell membranes, nucleic acids, and molecules that capture and utilize light and chemical energy to support life. The biologically available forms of N and P are present at low concentrations in pristine lakes, rivers, estuaries, and in vast regions of the upper ocean.

Document Type

Chapter

Book Title

The Encyclopedia of Earth

Editors

J. Emmett Duff

Publisher

National Council for Science and the Environment

Place of Publication

Washington, DC

Publication Date

2-8-2013

ISBN

Not available.

Keywords

eutrophication, ecology, environmental management, resource management, oceans and seas, degradation

Disciplines

Environmental Monitoring | Environmental Sciences | Environmental Studies | Natural Resources Management and Policy | Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecology | Water Resource Management

Comments

This encyclopedia entry was first published on December 18, 2007.

Document Version

Publisher's version

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 License.

Eutrophication

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