Publication Year

Spring 1990


This paper develops themes about how women find a voice against silencing through the reconstruction of those academic field like history and fictional narratives. In fiction, authors may explore madness as an alternative reality to silencing oppression. The four fictional portrayals of violence against women that effectively illustrate my thesis are drawn from 20th century North American women who represent various economic, religious, political and racial backgrounds: Charlotte Perkins Gilman's The Yellow Wallpaper and Marge Piercy's The Woman on the Edge of Time, exemplify white women's experience as either writers or subject matter; Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye, represents a female voice of the Afro-American experience; and finally Paula Gunn Allen's The Woman Who Owned the Shadows, is representative of the American Indian female experience.