Risk and Protection Focused Prevention: A Critical Evaluation of One Method of Crime Prevention

Publication Year



Risk and Protection Focused Prevention, Delinquency Prevention, Control Theory, Social Learning Theory, and Differential Association Theory


Criminology and Criminal Justice | Personality and Social Contexts | Social Psychology


The following paper explores Risk and Protection Focused Prevention (RPFP), one delinquency prevention program currently being applied. The purpose of the paper is to: 10 understand RPFP and its theoretical background, 2) to understand the process of synthesizing theories, and 3) to critically evaluate the success of applying programs such as RPFP. The paper begins with a brief introduction explaining the origins of the paper topic. The introduction is followed by a section defining the problem: delinquency. Next the paper addresses why one community chose to apply RPFP. Once the basis of the project is laid out, the paper continues to explain and explore Control Theory, Social Learning Theory, and Differential Association Theory, the theories upon which the RPFP application is based. Next the deviation of theories is examine. Consequently, the paper address how problems with synthesis add to problems of application. Finally, the paper concludes that: 1) synthesis of theory is much more difficult than many may thin, 2) deviation in theory, combined with our tendency to follow common sense creates problems with application of such programs, and 3) that we must change how we develop programs if we want them to be successful.

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