Bardic Tradition, William Butler Yeats, Seamus Heaney
Literature in English, British Isles
Ireland has an interesting combination of cultural factors which play upon it's modern writers. In addition to the social uneasiness with poets that seems to be universal, there remains a unique tradition of the bard, an official teller of tales whose political status was one of blame casting, praising, and cursing the kings. As the bardic order was displaced, another unique cultural factor cam into play; many of the displaced bards took on an unofficial position that was on the very fringes of political life. The writers I will examine often take on many of the characteristics which their culture has assigned to poets, and they further complicate the relationship the writer holds to the world of his listeners.
Ward, W. R. (1996). Poetry and Politics: Irish Revolutionary Literature (Undergraduate honors thesis, University of Redlands). Retrieved from https://inspire.redlands.edu/proudian/7
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